PIFSC was created out of the Honolulu Laboratory, until 2003 a component of the NOAA Fisheries NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center. PIFSC conducts resource surveys and stock assessments, fishery monitoring, economic and sociological studies, oceanographic research and monitoring, critical habitat evaluation, life history and ecology studies, and advanced oceanographic and ecosystem modeling and simulations. The western-most regional office of NMFS covers the Pacific Islands Region of Hawaii, American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands and the Pacific remote island areas. Before NOAA’s establishment in 1970, the Honolulu Laboratory was part of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, originating in 1948 as the Pacific Oceanic Fishery Investigations (POFI). The PIFSC research divisions are Ecosystem Sciences, Fisheries Research & Monitoring, Protected Species, and Science Operations.