NCCOS is one of NOS' newer branches, having been formed in 1999 to help NOAA meet its coastal stewardship and management responsibility. NCCOS provides scientific information to inform decisions on the protection of environmental resources and public health, the preservation of valued habitats and the improvement of relationships between communities and coastal ecosystems. NCCOS administers two grant programs, the Competitive Research Program (CRP, formerly CSCOR), and the RESTORE Science Program. Its research divisions include Stressor Detection & Impacts Division and Marine Spatial Ecology. NCCOS also works in the areas of coastal change and social science.