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Weather Research and Forecasting Innovation Act of 2017: NESDIS Reports
While the National Weather Service plays a large role in supporting the Weather Act, Section 101 is uniquely directed at their mission of ensuring public safety through the improvement of weather data, modeling, computing, forecasting and warnings for the protection of life and property, in addition to enhancing the nation's economy. Section III of the Weather Act focuses on Weather Satellite and Data Innovation, a task that falls within the scope of the National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS). Their responsibilities include deploying constellations of microsatellites in both the equatorial and polar orbits; ensuring that the resulting data is free and open to all; and providing annual reports on a timely basis.
Report to Congress: Radio Occultation Data Gap Mitigation Plan. The COSMIC-1 mission was launched in 2006 as a proof-of-concept for a new, inexpensive radio occultation (RO) atmospheric sounding technique as a partnership between Taiwan and the United States, and led by the National Science Foundation with participation of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), U.S. Air Force, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Since early 2007, high fidelity RO atmospheric profile data from COSMIC-1 have led to important, measurable improvements in weather forecasts, and space weather monitoring and research. NOAA determined that continued access to RO measurements aligned with its mission to improve weather forecasts.
Report to Congress: Commercial Weather Data Pilot Program. This document reports the results of the Commercial Weather Data Pilot (CWDP) Round No.1 project conducted by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in 2016 and 2017. The report describes the project initiation and execution, summarizes the technical results and lessons learned by NOAA, then presents an assessment of the current readiness of the commercial radio occultation (RO) industry to provide viable operational weather data to meet NOAA's needs.
Commercial Space Activities Assessment Process. NESDIS seeks efficient solutions to address NOAA’s need to measure key environmental phenomena from space. To meet these needs, NOAA integrates international, intergovernmental, and commercial capabilities, when practical, with NOAA’s own satellites into its global satellite observing system. Commercial space services is one emerging sector offering potential solutions to achieving increasing portions of NOAA’s required measurements. NPR 8010.01A outlines the process NESDIS will follow to implement the NOAA Commercial Space Policy (“NOAA Policy”). The purpose of NPR 8010.01A is to establish a process by which NESDIS will assess and pursue commercial opportunities to support NOAA’s space-based observational information requirements.
The NOAA Central Library is to support and further NOAA’s mission of promoting global environmental stewardship in order to conserve and wisely manage the Nation's marine and coastal resources; and describing, monitoring, and predicting changes in the Earth's environment in order to ensure and enhance sustainable economic opportunities.