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Gray Literature: Oceanic, Atmospheric, and Environmental Sciences

What is Gray Literature?

Gray literature is the information created by organizations such as government agencies, professional associations, research institutes, and think tanks that are not published in scholarly journals or books. This includes:

  • Technical papers
  • Government reports
  • White papers
  • Theses & Dissertations 
  • Conference Proceedings
  • Pre-print journal articles

Gray literature is produced by researchers and practitioners in a field and is an important component of a thorough literature review due to its depth and breadth, timeliness, flexibility, and open access.